Topic - Rivers

Key Skills/Knowledge

  • Explain some parts of the water cycle in detail.
  • Explain the countries that major world / European rivers flow through.
  • Name and locate UK rivers on a map and explain the UK countries / counties they flow through.
  • Explain the three stages of a river and identify where they will find the main river features.
  • Identify the main features at each stage of the river explaining what they are like.
  • Explain the features created as a result of these processes.
  • Explain the main processes in action to create a waterfall.
  • Develop an understanding of a world river discovering some aspects of its human geography, physical geography, economic or cultural geography and some of the fauna / flora found in and around it.
  • Explain how people use the River Thames giving examples and make comparisons to their world river.
  • Give an explanation as to where the river flows the fastest.
  • Find and write their own four figure grid references and identify symbols on a map.

Key Vocabulary

  • Water cycle : Water cycle, evaporation, condensation, precipitation, collection, run off, infiltration, transpiration 
  • Continents, oceans and countries
  • World rivers: Amazon, Nile, Mississippi, Volga, Danube
  • UK specific vocabulary: UK, England, Northern Ireland, Wales, Scotland, north west, north east, south east, south west, midlands, counties, London, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Belfast, River Severn, River Thames, English Channel, North Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Irish Sea
  • River stages and features: Upper stage, source, v-shaped valley (and difference to u-shaped valley created by ice), interlocking spurs, tributaries, waterfall, gorge, plunge pool, confluence, Middle stage, meander, river cliff, river beach (slip off slope), flood plain, Lower stage: ox-bow lake, levee, delta, mouth and estuary, erosion, transportation, deposition, hard rock, soft rock, igneous, impermeable, permeable, erosion, retreat,  fieldwork, flow, velocity
  • Land Use: settlement, city, dams, bridges, farming, industry, leisure, transport, habitat, economic, energy, London, North Sea, Thames Barrier, flooding, compare, contrast
  • Map skills: Four figure and six figure grid reference, map, OS map, key, eastings, northings, landmark, scale, key, compass directions


Topic - Living Things and their Habitats

Key Skills/Knowledge

  • Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird.
  • Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.


Topic - Animals including Humans

Key Skills/Knowledge

  • Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.


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