Topic - Active Earth
- Name the layers that make up the Earth.
- Name the key parts of a volcano.
- Show where most volcanoes are found.
- Explain how to keep safe during an earthquake.
- Describe a tsunami.
- Describe the damage caused by a tsunami.
- Explain how tornadoes form.
- Describe how scientists collect data about storms.
- Describe the properties of the Earth’s layers.
- Explain how a volcano is formed.
- Describe what happens when a volcano erupts.
- Describe some risks and benefits of living near a volcano.
- Explain why earthquakes occur.
- Explain how tsunamis occur.
- Explain how to keep safe in a tsunami.
- Explain where tornadoes happen.
Some children will be able to:
- Compare the structure of the Earth to a common object.
- Categorise volcanoes as extinct, dormant or active.
- Explain the impact of volcanoes on people and the environment.
- Compare the strength of earthquakes.
- Explain how scientists compare tornadoes.
- topsoil, subsoil, bedrock, crust, mantle, outer core, inner core, magma.
- active, dormant, extinct
- tectonic plates,
- hotspots, convergent boundaries, divergent boundaries, transform boundaries
- Epicentre, shock wave, magnitude (power/ strength),
- Richter, Mercalli.
- Ring of Fire
Topic - States of Matter
All children should be able to:
Sort materials into solids, liquids and gases.
Explain that heating causes melting, and cooling causes freezing.
Identify the melting and freezing point of water.
Describe evaporation and condensation using practical examples.
Describe the effect of temperature on evaporation referring to their investigation.
Identify the stages of the water cycle.
Predict what will happen in an investigation.
Most children will be able to:
Describe the properties of solids, liquids and gases.
Explain that melting and freezing are opposite processes that change the state of a material.
Identify the melting and freezing point of several different materials.
Explain that heating causes evaporation and cooling causes condensation.
Explain that evaporation and condensation are opposite processes that change the state of a material.
Explain that the higher the temperature, the quicker water evaporates.
Explain what happens to water at the different stages of the water cycle.
Make observations and conclusions.
Be able to answer questions based on their learning.
Some children will be able to:
Explain the behaviour of the particles in solids, liquids and gases.
Explain how heating and cooling causes materials to melt and freeze.
Explain why a material’s melting and freezing point is the same temperature.
Explain how heating and cooling can cause materials to evaporate and condense.
Explain why a higher temperature will speed up evaporation.
Use the water cycle to explain why the water we have on Earth today is the same water that has been here for millions of years.
Set up reliable and accurate investigations.
Make and explain predictions.
Make and record accurate observations.
Use scientific language to explain their findings.
Be able to ask and answer questions based on their learning using scientific language.
- solid, liquid, gas
- particles, state, material
- carbon dioxide
- state, matter
- weight, mass
- melt, freeze
- thermometer, temperature
- condense, evaporate,
- water, ice, water vapour