Topic - Active Earth
- Name the layers that make up the Earth.
- Name the key parts of a volcano.
- Show where most volcanoes are found.
- Explain how to keep safe during an earthquake.
- Describe a tsunami.
- Describe the damage caused by a tsunami.
- Explain how tornadoes form.
- Describe how scientists collect data about storms.
- Describe the properties of the Earth’s layers.
- Explain how a volcano is formed.
- Describe what happens when a volcano erupts.
- Describe some risks and benefits of living near a volcano.
- Explain why earthquakes occur.
- Explain how tsunamis occur.
- Explain how to keep safe in a tsunami.
- Explain where tornadoes happen.
Some children will be able to:
- Compare the structure of the Earth to a common object.
- Categorise volcanoes as extinct, dormant or active.
- Explain the impact of volcanoes on people and the environment.
- Compare the strength of earthquakes.
- Explain how scientists compare tornadoes.
- topsoil, subsoil, bedrock, crust, mantle, outer core, inner core, magma.
- active, dormant, extinct
- tectonic plates,
- hotspots, convergent boundaries, divergent boundaries, transform boundaries
- Epicentre, shock wave, magnitude (power/ strength),
- Richter, Mercalli.
- Ring of Fire
Topic - States of Matter
All children should be able to:
Sort materials into solids, liquids and gases. â¨
Explain that heating causes melting, and cooling causes freezing. â¨
Identify the melting and freezing point of water. â¨
Describe evaporation and condensation using practical examples. â¨
Describe the effect of temperature on evaporation referring to their investigation. â¨
Identify the stages of the water cycle. â¨
Predict what will happen in an investigation. â¨
Make observations. â¨
Most children will be able to: â¨
Describe the properties of solids, liquids and gases. â¨
Explain that melting and freezing are opposite processes that change the state of a material. â¨
Identify the melting and freezing point of several different materials. â¨
Explain that heating causes evaporation and cooling causes condensation. â¨
Explain that evaporation and condensation are opposite processes that change the state of a material. â¨
Explain that the higher the temperature, the quicker water evaporates. â¨
Explain what happens to water at the different stages of the water cycle. â¨
Make observations and conclusions. â¨
Be able to answer questions based on their learning.
Some children will be able to: â¨
Explain the behaviour of the particles in solids, liquids and gases. â¨
Explain how heating and cooling causes materials to melt and freeze. â¨
Explain why a material’s melting and freezing point is the same temperature. â¨
Explain how heating and cooling can cause materials to evaporate and condense. â¨
Explain why a higher temperature will speed up evaporation. â¨
Use the water cycle to explain why the water we have on Earth today is the same water that has been here for millions of years. â¨
Set up reliable and accurate investigations. â¨
Make and explain predictions. â¨
Make and record accurate observations. â¨
Use scientific language to explain their findings. â¨
Be able to ask and answer questions based on their learning using scientific language. â¨
- solid, liquid, gas
- particles, state, material
- carbon dioxide
- state, matter
- weight, mass
- melt, freeze
- thermometer, temperature
- condense, evaporate,
- water, ice, water vapour