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Autumn

Geography

Topic - Active Earth

Key Skills/Knowledge

  • Name the layers that make up the Earth.
  • Name the key parts of a volcano.
  • Show where most volcanoes are found.
  • Explain how to keep safe during an earthquake.
  • Describe a tsunami.
  • Describe the damage caused by a tsunami.
  • Explain how tornadoes form.
  • Describe how scientists collect data about storms.
  • Describe the properties of the Earth’s layers.
  • Explain how a volcano is formed.
  • Describe what happens when a volcano erupts.
  • Describe some risks and benefits of living near a volcano.
  • Explain why earthquakes occur.
  • Explain how tsunamis occur.
  • Explain how to keep safe in a tsunami.
  • Explain where tornadoes happen.

Some children will be able to:

  • Compare the structure of the Earth to a common object.
  • Categorise volcanoes as extinct, dormant or active.
  • Explain the impact of volcanoes on people and the environment.
  • Compare the strength of earthquakes.
  • Explain how scientists compare tornadoes.

Key Vocabulary

  • topsoil, subsoil, bedrock, crust, mantle, outer core, inner core, magma.
  • active, dormant, extinct
  • tectonic plates,
  • hotspots, convergent boundaries, divergent boundaries, transform boundaries
  • Epicentre, shock wave, magnitude (power/ strength),
  • Richter, Mercalli.
  • Ring of Fire 

 

Science

Topic - States of Matter

Key Skills/Knowledge

All children should be able to:  

  • Sort materials into solids, liquids and gases. 
 

  • Explain that heating causes melting, and cooling causes freezing. 
 

  • Identify the melting and freezing point of water. 
 

  • Describe evaporation and condensation using practical examples. 
 

  • Describe the effect of temperature on evaporation referring to their investigation. 
 

  • Identify the stages of the water cycle. 
 

  • Predict what will happen in an investigation. 
 

  • Make observations. 
 

Most children will be able to: â€¨ 

  • Describe the properties of solids, liquids and gases. 
 

  • Explain that melting and freezing are opposite processes that change the state of a material. 
 

  • Identify the melting and freezing point of several different materials. 
 

  • Explain that heating causes evaporation and cooling causes condensation. 
 

  • Explain that evaporation and condensation are opposite processes that change the state of a material. 
 

  • Explain that the higher the temperature, the quicker water evaporates. 
 

  • Explain what happens to water at the different stages of the water cycle. 
 

  • Make observations and conclusions. 
 

  • Be able to answer questions based on their learning.  

Some children will be able to: â€¨ 

  • Explain the behaviour of the particles in solids, liquids and gases. 
 

  • Explain how heating and cooling causes materials to melt and freeze. 
 

  • Explain why a material’s melting and freezing point is the same temperature. 
 

  • Explain how heating and cooling can cause materials to evaporate and condense. 
 

  • Explain why a higher temperature will speed up evaporation. 
 

  • Use the water cycle to explain why the water we have on Earth today is the same water that has been here for millions of years. 
 

  • Set up reliable and accurate investigations. 
 

  • Make and explain predictions. 
 

  • Make and record accurate observations. 
 

  • Use scientific language to explain their findings. 
 

  • Be able to ask and answer questions based on their learning using scientific language. 
 

Key Vocabulary

  • solid, liquid, gas
  • particles, state, material
  • properties
  • carbon dioxide
  • state, matter
  • material,
  • weight, mass
  • particles
  • melt, freeze
  • thermometer, temperature
  • condense, evaporate,
  • process
  • water, ice, water vapour
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