Topic - Oceans and Continents

Key Skills/Knowledge

  • Name and locate the surrounding bodies of water around the UK on a map.
  • Name and locate the 7 continents and 5 oceans of the world on a map 
  • Recognise the shape of each continent.
  • Research the human and physical characteristics of Australia in order to write a postcard.
  • Use some geographical vocabulary to describe the similarities and differences between the UK and Australia.
  • Explain the location of the Pacific Ocean and describe how creatures are adapted to live in the hostile conditions in order to create their own creature.
  • Identify the countries that border China and locate China’s cities, rivers and seas on a map.    
  • Use compass directions to move around the globe confidently naming continents and oceans crossed.
  • Create a map of the four main climate zones in the world identify.
  • Identify some of the geographical features in Europe and Spain.
  • Identify some of the geographical features in Africa and Kenya and compare these to Spain.
  • Identify some geographical features on aerial photographs and create a map based on one of the photographs.

Key Vocabulary

  • UK specific vocabulary : Continents, oceans, seas, countries, UK, England, London, Wales, Cardiff, Scotland, Edinburgh, Northern Ireland, Belfast, English Channel, North Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Irish Sea
  • World names: Continents, oceans, Europe, Africa, North America, South America, Asia, Antarctica, Oceania  / Australasia, Atlantic, Pacific, Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Australia, Mariana Trench, China, East Asia, Spain, Kenya
  • Compass directions: north, south, east, west
  • Geographical terms: Southern Hemisphere, Northern Hemisphere, Equator, landmarks, weather, climate, cities, wildlife, landmarks,  coast, beach, cities, similarities, differences, trench, ocean floor, features, adaptations, discovered, survive, rivers, border, adapt, habitats
  • Climate terms: hot, cold, climate zones, weather, climate,  cold/polar, temperate, warm, tropical, aerial view, bird’s eye view, map, photograph, beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, river, valley, vegetation, city


Topic - Living Things and their Habitats

Key Skills/Knowledge

  • Explore and compare the differences between things that are living, dead, and things that have never been alive.
  • Identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other.
  • Identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats, including microhabitats. 
  • Describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, using the idea of a simple food chain, and identify and name different sources of food.
  • Asking simple questions and recognising that they can be answered in different ways.
  • Observing closely, using simple equipment.
  • Performing simple tests.
  • Identifying and classifying.
  • Using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions.
  • Gathering and recording data to help in answering questions.
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